- Category : 1902-births
- Type : MGP
- Profile : 1/4 - Investigating / Opportunist
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX The Sleeping Phoenix 3
German-American composer whose first opera, Zeus und Elida, premiered in Berlin in 1928, followed by two more operas in 1929, Schöne Geschichten and Anna Blume. As an avid socialist, he also wrote a number of popular pieces for workers' unions and communist theatre groups.
When the Nazis came to power in Germany, Wolpe, a Jew and a convinced communist, fled the country, passing through Romania and Russia en route to Austria in 1933–1934, where he met and studied with Anton Webern. He later moved to Palestine in 1934–1938, where he wrote simple songs for the kibbutzim.
In 1938, Wolpe moved to New York City and in 1952 he married the poet Hilda Morley. From 1952 to 1956 he was director of music at Black Mountain College. On 24 January 1956, he was appointed to the faculty at the C.W. Post College of Long Island University in Brookville, New York. He also lectured at the summer schools in Darmstadt in Germany.
Wolpe developed Parkinson's disease in 1964, and died in New York City on 4 April 1972, aged 69.