- Category : 1925-births
- Type : PE
- Profile : 3/5 - Martyr / Heretic
- Definition : Split - Small (12,35,48)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX The Four Ways 3
He is a major German essayist which on theoretical literature. In addition, his work includes novels, short stories, screenplays and radio plays.
In 1944 he was in Lithuania and fell wounded in 1945 in captivity.
In 1952 he got PhD on Gottfried Benn. From 1952 to 1955 he worked as an editor at the German Association of Student Bodies issued " German student newspaper , "then as a freelance writer since 1959 and in the editing of the publisher Kiepenheuer & Malevich in Cologne .
Since 1981 he works as a freelance writer in Cologne Southtown. He took part in 1960 at meetings of the Group 47. In 1965, he initiated a "new realism", the loose grouping that emerged under the name "Cologne School known". He is a member of the Academy of Sciences and Literature in Mainz and the PEN Centre of the Federal Republic of Germany.
In 1969 he was awarded the German Critics' Prize , in 1988 the Heinrich Böll Prize, and in 2001 the Joseph Breitbach Prize. In 1989 he was awarded the North Rhine-Westphalian state government the title of professor, in 1995 the Order of Merit of North Rhine-Westphalia .in 2001 Friedrich Hölderlin Prize of the city of Bad Homburg.