- Category : 1876-births
- Type : ME
- Profile : 6/3 - Role Model / Martyr
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : LAX Informing 2
German-born conductor, pianist and composer, who left Germany in 1933 to escape the Third Reich, settling finally in the United States in 1939. He worked closely with Gustav Mahler, whose music he helped to establish in the repertory, held major positions with the Leipzig Gewandhaus Orchestra, New York Philharmonic, Concertgebouw Orchestra, Salzburg Festival, Vienna State Opera, Bavarian State Opera, Staatsoper Unter den Linden and Deutsche Oper Berlin, among others, made recordings of historical and artistic significance, and is widely considered to be one of the great conductors of the 20th century.
He died on 17 February 1962 in Beverly Hills, California.