Carl Gustaf von Mannerheim
- Category : Politics-Heads-of-state
- Type : ME
- Profile : 3/5 - Martyr / Heretic
- Definition : Split - Small (23)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Consciousness 2
Finnish military leader and statesman. Mannerheim served as the military leader of theWhites in the Finnish Civil War, Regent of Finland (1918–1919), Commander-in-Chief of Finland's Defence Forces during World War II, Marshal of Finland, and the sixth President of Finland (1944–1946).
Mannerheim made a career in the Imperial Russian Army, rising to the rank of lieutenant general. He also had a prominent place in the ceremonies for Tsar Nicholas II's coronation and later had several private meetings with the Russian Tsar. After the Bolshevik revolution, Finland declared its independence but was soon embroiled in civil war between the pro-Bolshevik "Reds" and the "Whites," who were the troops of the Senate of Finland. Mannerheim was appointed the military chief of the Whites. Twenty years later, when Finland was at war with the Soviet Union during 1939–1944, Mannerheim successfully led the defence of Finland as commander-in-chief of the country's armed forces. In 1944, when the prospect of Germany's defeat in World War II became clear, Mannerheim was elected President of Finland and oversaw peace negotiations with the Soviet Union and the United Kingdom. (Finland was never at war with the US.) He resigned the presidency in 1946 and died on 27 January 1951.