Hendricus Gerardus Van de Sande Bakhuyzen
- Category : 1838-births
- Type : PE
- Profile : 4/6 - Opportunistic / Role Model
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Tension 1
He was the son of he animal painter Hendrik van de Sande Bakhuyzen (1795–1860) and Sophie Wilhelmina Kiehl. His brother Ernst Frederik van de Sande Bakhuyzen (1849-1918) became also an astronomer who worked at the Leiden Observatory. His brother Julius Jacobus van de Sande Bakhuyzen (1835-1925) became a noted painter.
He studied astronomy under Frederik Kaiser. After he got his degree, he was a high school teacher from 1864–1867, during which time he wrote a very successful textbook on mechanics. In 1867 he became a professor at the Technical College in Delft.
He became director of the Leiden Observatory in 1872 upon the death of Frederik Kaiser. He retired in 1908. Van de Sande Bakhuyzen became member of the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences in 1872.
He chose to concentrate on fundamental astronomy rather than on the then-new field of spectroscopy. He worked mainly on the observation of asteroids, but also proved the connection between a meteor shower on November 27 and the comet 3D/Biela. He also worked on geodesy.
He edited and published the Mars drawings of Johann Hieronymus Schröter in 1881, long after the latter's death.
He married Geertruida van Vollenhoven (1840-1910). They had four children. His son Adriaan became mayor of Leiden from 1927 to 1941.
Bakhuysen crater (with an "s") on Mars is named for him.
He died 8 January 1923 at 7 am in Leiden at age 84.