Charles Hard Townes
- Category : Physicist
- Type : PE
- Profile : 3/5 - Martyr / Heretic
- Definition : Split - Small (12,36)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Unexpected 2
Charles Hard Townes (born July 28, 1915) is an American Nobel Prize-winning physicist and educator. Townes is known for his work on the theory and application of the maser, on which he got the fundamental patent, and other work in quantum electronics connected with both maser and laser devices. He shared the Nobel Prize in Physics in 1964 with Nikolay Basov and Alexander Prokhorov. The Japanese FM Towns computer and game console is named in his honour.
Townes was born in Greenville, South Carolina, the son of Ellen Hard and Henry Keith Townes, an attorney.
Theorists like Niels Bohr and John von Neumann doubted that it was possible to create such a thing as a maser. Nobel laureates Isidor Isaac Rabi and Polykarp Kusch received the budget for their research from the same source as Townes; three months before the first successful experiment they tried to stop him: "Look, you should stop the work you are doing. It isn't going to work. You know it's not going to work, we know it's not going to work, we know it's not going to work. You're wasting money, Just stop!".
Science and religion
A member of the United Church of Christ, Townes considers that "science and religion are quite parallel, much more similar than most people think and that in the long run, they must converge".
1956 – elected Full Member of the National Academy of Sciences.
1957 – elected Fellow of the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
1958 – awarded the Comstock Prize in Physics from the National Academy of Science.
1961 – awarded the David Sarnoff Electronics Award given by the Institute of Electrical and Electronics Engineers, and the Rumford Prize awarded by the American Academy of Arts and Sciences.
1962 – The John J. Carty Award for the Advancement of Science given by the National Academy of Science.
1962 – Stuart Ballantine Medal given by The Franklin Institute.
1963 – Young Medal and Prize, for distinguished research in the field of optics presented by the Institute of physics.
1964 – Nobel Prize in Physics with N. G. Basov and Aleksandr Prokhorov for contributions to fundamental work in quantum electronics leading to the development of the maser and laser.
1979 – He was awarded the Niels Bohr international medal awarded for contributions to the peaceful use of atomic energy.
1980 – Townes was inducted by his home state into the South Carolina Hall of Science and Technology, and has also been awarded a South Carolina Hall of Science and Technology Citation.
1982 – He received the National Medal of Science, presented by President Ronald Reagan.
1994 – elected Foreign Member of the Russian Academy of Sciences.
1996 – awarded the Frederic Ives Medal by the OSA
1997 - Jansky Lectureship before the National Radio Astronomy Observatory
1998 – awarded the Henry Norris Russell Lectureship by the American Astronomical Society.
2000 – awarded the Lomonosov Medal by the Russian Academy of Sciences.
2003 – awarded the Telluride Tech Festival Award of Technology in Telluride, Colorado.
2005 – awarded the Templeton Prize for "Progress Toward Research or Discoveries about Spiritual Realities."
He has also been awarded the LeConte Medallion.
2006 – Along with associate Raj Reddy, Townes was awarded the Vannevar Bush Award for Lifetime Contributions and Statesmanship to Science
2008 – On May 24 Townes received an Honorary Doctorate of Humane Letters from the University of Redlands.
2010 – SPIE Gold Medal
2012 - awarded the Golden Goose Award for government-funded research with unexpected applications.
2012 - awarded the Nancy DeLoye Fitzroy and Roland V. Fitzroy Medal