Rosa Torre Gonzalez
- Category : 1890-births
- Type : MGE
- Profile : 2/4 - Hermit / Opportunist
- Definition : Split - Small (21,22,30,49)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Planning 3
Mexican feminist and politician who became the first woman in Mexico to hold an elected office, in 1922.
In 1910, Torre joined the supporters of Francisco I. Madero as a propagandist. With Madero's assassination, Torre became involved in espionage against the coup leader Victoriano Huerta in 1913. When Venustiano Carranza secured Huerta's agreement to step down and sent Salvador Alvarado to quell the rebellion in Yucatán, Torre served as a nurse with Alvarado's troops. By March, 1915, Alvarado's troops had taken the city of Mérida and Torre entered the state Normal School.
In 1916, as part of his socialist regime, Alvarado called for a feminist congress to be convened. Torre served as a promoter for the gathering traveling to Acanceh, Temax and Motul to boost attendance of qualified women. In January 1916 the Primer Congreso Feminista (First Feminist Congress) was held and topics discussed were education, including sexual education; religious fanaticism; legal rights and reforms; equal employment opportunity; and intellectual equality among others. At the Second Congress, held later that same year, Torre served as President.
Torre assisted Elvia Carrillo Puerto in establishing the Liga Rita Cetina Gutierrez (League of Rita Cetina Gutiérrez) in 1919. The group "campaigned against prostitution, drugs, alcohol and superstition" and gave educational talks about birth control, child care, economics and hygiene. They also inspected hospitals and schools and helped to found the state orphanage. In coordination with Elvia, Torre set up over 45 feminist leagues over the next few years and organized over 5,500 workers.
In 1922, at the urging of Governor Felipe Carrillo Puerto urged the legislature of the state to allow women to vote and hold office. Torre ran for a seat on the City Council of Mérida and won, becoming the first woman in Mexico to hold an elective office. Her term was cut short with the assassination of Carrillo Puerto but Torre was proud of her service and aware that the achievement was a symbol for other women.
Torre attended the Primer Congreso Interamericano de Mujeres (First Inter-American Congress of Women) held on 27 August 1947 in Guatemala City, which had the goal of discussing how to attain equality between men and women and suffrage throughout the Americas. Torre was the delegate of Liga Internacional y People's Mandate of Querétaro and was accompanied by Judith Horcasitas de Forgerave representing the Civil Service of Mexican Women, Emilia Loyola representing the teachers of Mexico City, and Elena Sánchez Valenzuela representing teachers and the Secretary of Education of Coahuila.
Rosa Torre González died in Mexico City on 13 February 1973, aged 82.