- Category : 1926-births
- Type : MS
- Profile : 5/1 - Heretical / Investigator
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : LAX Upheaval 2
French historian, specializing in the Spanish civil war and more broadly in the history of contemporary Spain, recruited as a professor at the Aix-Marseille University (now University of Provence Aix-Marseille I), where he spent his entire career.
He died in Marseille on 18 November 2008.