- Category : Physician
- Type : MGE
- Profile : 4/6 - Opportunistic / Role Model
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX The Vessel of Love 4
Gaetano Pieraccini (Poggibonsi, December 23, 1864 - Florence, April 13, 1957) was an Italian physician and politician.
Born from Ottaviano Pieraccini and Polissena Sprugnoli, was orphaned at the age of six, but still managed to take up studies and graduate in medicine the July 8, 1888 at the Institute of Social Sciences of Florence. Having completed his studies in Paris and Vienna, at the local medical school, Pieraccini fall in 1893 in Florence where he began to practice medicine is in his private study that the hospital of Santa Maria Nuova. Meanwhile begins to approach the socialist thought and in that same year he joined the party of Italian workers.
In 1894 he will publish his first work in the field of social medicine entitled The defense of the company by communicable diseases and simultaneously begins to play an increasingly intense political activity within the socialist movement.
In 1900 he married Victoria Sestini and was nominated by the popular parties in the College of Santo Spirito in Florence, and the following year he joined the Executive Committee of the Provincial Federation Socialist where adheres to the current reform of the PSI.
Doctor became head of the hospital of Santa Maria Nuova, the public in 1905, the Treaty of pathology of labor and social therapy that earned him the first professorship of Pathology of Labour and three years later, first in Italy, the professorship of medicine work.
Stood for election in 1900 but was not elected. Then in 1909 he was elected Member of Parliament of the Kingdom, a position he held until 1913, and will work to promote a series of bills to the granting of social insurance against sickness, disability and old age.
After a period in the city council and county of Florence, in 1918 he was asked to join the International Labour Office in Geneva. In 1921 he was elected deputy in the ranks of the PSI and the following year joined the Socialist Unity Party.
With the advent of fascism, Pieraccini is harshly opposed both politically and professionally. At first it is removed from the post of prime of his hospital, then he is prevented from teaching in his faculties. In 1925 he began to work in the underground newspaper "Not Giving Up" by Gaetano Salvemini, Carlo Rosselli and Ernesto Rossi. In 1930 he was notified of an order assignment to confinement for a year, then switched to a year of political admonition.
In this period he wrote and published one of his most famous books: Inheritance de 'Medici Cafaggiolo: essay research on hereditary transmission of biological characters (3 vols., Florence, Vallecchi, 1924-1925).
On August 22, 1943, after the fall of fascism in his apartment reconstitute the Florentine section of the PSI and 1 October of the following year, after the liberation of the city, was elected mayor of Florence, a position he will retain for over two years.
After the split of the PSI in 1947 adheres to PSLI and in 1948 he was elected senator in the lists of the Socialist Unity and becomes the candidate of PSLI elections for the presidency of the Republic, which saw elected Luigi Einaudi. In this period, the major awards are conferred in academic and scientific. In 1954, on the occasion of the tenth anniversary of the liberation of Florence, was invited on stage in Piazza della Signoria and his successors to the office of mayor: Mario Fabiani and Giorgio La Pira. In recent years, bringing his experience as a doctor and scientist, was one of the staunchest opponents of the Merlin Law on the abolition of legal prostitution, proposed by his party colleague Lina Merlin. He could not vote in the final ballot because the law was passed a year after the death of Pieraccini, in 1958, after 10 years of legislative and debates. According Pieraccini prostitutes, from a point of view "Lombroso" were impossible to reinsert into society, and also prostitution responds to a physiological need of the human body.
In 1956 he joined the PSDI Giuseppe Saragat but died shortly after, April 13, 1957, at his home on Via Cavour, 8 in Florence.