- Category : 1867-births
- Type : GP
- Profile : 3/5 - Martyr / Heretic
- Definition : Split - Large
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Maya 1
Dutch medical doctor who was the leading chess master in the time before Max Euwe.
Olland shared 1st place at Amsterdam 1889 (Hauptturnier); shared 1st at Arnheim 1895; won at Haarlem 1901; and shared 1st with Abraham Speijer at Leiden 1909 (1st NED-ch).
Olland was very active in match play, competing in 29 matches, all except one in his home town Utrecht. He defeated most Dutch players except Euwe who beat him twice, but lost to foreign masters such as Géza Maróczy, Richard Réti, and Edgar Colle. Olland died of a heart attack on 22 July 1933 while playing in that year's Dutch Championship at The Hague.