- Category : 1865-births
- Type : MGP
- Profile : 5/1 - Heretical / Investigator
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : LAX The Plane 1
Polish professor of hydroelectric engineering at Switzerland's Zurich Polytechnic (1907-1919), Polish Minister of Public Works (1920–21), Polish Minister of Foreign Affairs (1922), and then the first President of the Second Polish Republic (1922).
He was assassinated on 16 December 1922, in his first week of assuming office as president.