- Category : 1855-births
- Type : MGP
- Profile : 6/2 - Role Model / Hermit
- Definition : Split - Large
- Incarnation Cross : LAX Healing 1
American banker, businessman, industrialist, philanthropist, art collector, and politician. From the wealthy Mellon family of Pennsylvania, he established a vast business empire before transitioning into politics. He served as United States Secretary of the Treasury from 9 March 1921 to 12 February 1932, presiding over the boom years of the 1920s and the Wall Street crash of 1929. Leaving office after the onset of the Great Depression, he briefly served as the United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom. A conservative Republican, Mellon lowered taxes and government spending in the aftermath of World War I.
During his retirement years, as he had done in earlier years, Mellon was an active philanthropist, and gave generously of his private fortune to support art and research causes. In 1937, he donated his substantial art collection, collected at a cost of $25 million and valued at $40 million, plus $10 million for construction, to establish the National Gallery of Art on the National Mall in Washington, D.C.
He died of pneumonia and uremia "shortly before eight-thirty on the evening" of 26 August 1937, aged 82, in Southampton, Long Island, New York.