Margriet Princess of the Netherlands
- Category : Notable-Famous-Royal-family
- Type : GE
- Profile : 3/5 - Martyr / Heretic
- Definition : Split - Small (7,10,27,33,34,36,54)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Laws 4
Princess Margriet Francisca of the Netherlands (born 19 January 1943) is the third daughter of Queen Juliana and Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands. As an aunt of the reigning monarch, King Willem-Alexander, she is a member of the Dutch Royal House and currently eighth in the line of succession to the Dutch throne.
Princess Margriet often represents Queen Beatrix at official or semi-official events. Some of these functions have taken her back to Canada (her country of birth), and to events organised by the Dutch merchant navy of which she is a patron.
Birth in Canada
The Princess was born in The Ottawa Hospital, Ottawa, Ontario, as the family had been living in Canada since June 1940 after the occupation of the Netherlands by Nazi Germany. The maternity ward of Ottawa Civic Hospital in which Princess Margriet was born was temporarily declared to be extraterritorial by the Canadian government. Making the maternity ward outside of the Canadian domain caused it to be unaffiliated with any jurisdiction and technically international territory. This was done to ensure that the newborn would derive her citizenship from her mother only, thus making her solely Dutch.
It is a common misconception that the Canadian government declared the maternity ward to be Dutch territory. Since Dutch nationality law is based primarily on the principle of jus sanguinis it was not necessary to make the ward Dutch territory for the Princess to become a Dutch citizen. Since Canada followed the rule of jus soli, it was necessary for Canada to disclaim the territory temporarily so that the Princess would not, by virtue of birth on Canadian soil, become a Canadian citizen.
Since she is a descendant of King George II of Great Britain, and is therefore in line for the British throne, she became a British subject after a 1957 court case filed by Ernest Augustus IV, Prince of Hanover (who also claimed, but did not legally have, the title Prince of Great Britain and Ireland) decided that all persons in line for the British throne are British subjects. Though this rendered previous efforts to avoid dual nationality useless, Margriet does not hold dual citizenship.
Princess Margriet of the Netherlands could claim British nationality because of her descent from Sophia, Electress of Hanover. Her British nationality is based on 'The Act for the Naturalization of the Most Excellent Princess Sophia, Electress and Duchess Dowager of Hanover, and the Issue of her Body' from 1705. This Act was repealed in 1948 and is no longer in force, but that was after her birth.
Namesake and christening
She was named after the marguerite, the flower worn during the war as a symbol of the resistance to Nazi Germany. (See also the book When Canada Was Home, the Story of Dutch Princess Margriet, by Albert VanderMey, Vanderheide.)
Princess Margriet was christened at St. Andrew's Presbyterian Church, Ottawa, on 29 June 1943. Her godparents included the President of the United States Franklin D. Roosevelt, Queen Mary of the United Kingdom, The Crown Princess Märtha of Norway, Martine Roell (who was a lady-in-waiting to Princess Juliana in Canada) and The Dutch Merchant Fleet.
After the war
It was not until August 1945, when the Netherlands had been liberated, that Princess Margriet first set foot on Dutch soil. Princess Juliana and Prince Bernhard returned to Soestdijk Palace in Baarn, where the family had lived before the war.
It was while she was studying at Leiden University that Princess Margriet met her future husband, Pieter van Vollenhoven. Their engagement was announced on 10 March 1965, and they were married on 10 January 1967 in The Hague, in the St. James Church. It was decreed that any children from the marriage would be styled HH Prince/Princess of Orange-Nassau, van Vollenhoven, titles that would not be held by their descendants.
The Princess and her husband took up residence in the right wing of Het Loo Palace in Apeldoorn. In 1975 the family moved to their present home, Het Loo, which they had built on the Palace grounds.