Joseph Francois Malgaigne
- Category : 1806-births
- Type : GE
- Profile : 1/3 - Investigating / Martyr
- Definition : Split - Small (9)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Contagion 1
French surgeon and medical historian known for his work with bone fractures and dislocations, specializing in orthopedic surgery of the knee, hip and shoulder. In 1834 he published Manuel de medecine operatoire, an influential work on surgical techniques. This book was later translated into several languages. In 1843 Malgaigne, together with Germanicus Mirault designed a flap transposition procedure to close cleft lips.
As an advocate of statistical analysis in medicine, he is remembered for conducting statistical hospital surveys in Paris. As an historian, he was a scholar of the works of Hippocrates and editor of Ambroise Paré's writings. In 1841 he was founder of the surgical journal, Journal de chirurgie.
He died on 17 October 1865, aged 59, in Saint-Gratien.