- Category : 1874-births
- Type : GP
- Profile : 3/5 - Martyr / Heretic
- Definition : Split - Small (14,46)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Maya 2
Alsatian-German architectural historian known for his studies of Roman architecture, in particular, his investigations of its temples (Asia Minor, Syria) and thermal baths.
Under the direction of Otto Puchstein and Bruno Schulz (1865–1932), from 1900 to 1904, he investigated the ancient Roman ruins at Baalbek and Palmyra. In 1905-06 he was technical manager of an expedition to Aksum (Abyssinia). Later on, he conducted studies at the excavation site of the Hittite capital of Hattusa (Asia Minor, 1907).
In 1912 he was appointed head of the architecture department in Quedlinburg, and subsequently put in charge of excavation of the Trier Imperial Baths. He later returned to Asia Minor, where he conducted significant research of the temples at Ankara ("Temple of Augustus and Rome") and Aizanoi. In 1939 he made one last trip to Syria, where he investigated the Monumentalanlage at the Church of Simeon Stylites.
He died on 10 November 1941 in Berlin.