Emmy Klieneberger Nobel
- Category : 1892-births
- Type : PE
- Profile : 1/3 - Investigating / Martyr
- Definition : Split - Small (35,45)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Planning 1
German Jewish microbiologist and a founder of mycoplasma bacterial research. She performed most of her research at the Lister Institute in London, England, after having been expelled from Germany by the Nazis. Over the three decades at the Lister Institute, she published about 80 scientific publications, in particular on the morphology and morphogenesis of bacteria.
In 1935 she discovered and cultured unusual strains of bacteria that lacked a cell wall, naming these strains "L-form bacteria" after the Lister Institute where she was working. These special cell-wall-free forms of some bacterial species, which arise under certain culture conditions, have been implicated in antibiotic resistant infections.
In 1962, shortly before she retired, Klieneberger-Nobel published the first book devoted to mycoplasmas, entitled Pleuropneumonia-like organisms (PPLO) Mycoplasmataceae. Two books followed, Focus on Bacteria (1965) and Pioneering achievements for medical microbiology. Memoirs (1977).
She married the pediatrician Professor Edmund Nobel on 28 January 1944. Edmund died from a heart complaint just two years later in 1946, at the age of 62. They had no children. Emmy Klieneberg-Nobel died on 11 September 1985 at the age of 93.