- Category : 1894-births
- Type : MS
- Profile : 4/6 - Opportunistic / Role Model
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX The Vessel of Love 2
American biologist, entomologist, and human behaviorist, Kinsey was the first to research and study human sexual behavior by interviewing thousands of men and women.
In 1948 he published "Sexual Behavior in the Human Male" and followed it with the 1953 publication of "Sexual Behavior in the Human Female." While the first volume was quite well-received, the second led to a Congressional investigation of his research and the withdrawal of financial support from the Rockefeller Foundation.
Kinsey was the oldest of three children. His father was a self-made man, a mechanical engineer and a college teacher. Alfred Sequine Kinsey was a strict religious disciplinarian who managed his wife and children with an iron hand. He had married Sarah Charles on February 19, 1892, one day after his twenty-first birthday. Kinsey's mother was shy, soft-spoken, sweet, and passive. Her lack of education contrasted with her husband's college degree. Kinsey spent a great deal of his childhood in bed, suffering from major illnesses such as rickets, rheumatic fever, and typhoid fever. He missed a great deal of school and his physical body was marred by his illnesses. He invented a fictional boy Johnny Jones who was "the model of proper behavior." Johnny Jones, an alter-ego, was a curious young lad who freely explored and observed the physical world. After Kinsey's health improved, he too became a model student and an ardent lover of nature. He earned his Bachelor of Science in 1916 from Bowdoin College. For the next four years, he was an instructor in biology and zoology at Harvard while he studied for his doctoral degree. In began working at Indiana University in 1920, rising from an assistant professor to full professor by 1929. He became the world's foremost authority on gall wasps. In 1938, he was asked by the university administration to teach a course on marriage and sexuality.
In 1942, with funds from the Rockefeller Foundation and the sponsorship of the National Research Council, he established his Institute for Sex Research, Inc. He and his aides began their statistical study of sexual conduct and preferences of men and women all over the United States. Kinsey and his staffers became adept at conducting intense and lengthy interviews to study sexual habits of humans of all ages, even of children as young as 2 years old.
Kinsey married Clara Bracken McMillen Kinsey, one of his students at Indiana University in 1921. A year later, their first child Don was born; he died just before his fifth birthday. The Kinseys also had two daughters, Anne born in 1924 and Joan born in 1925, and a son Bruce born in 1928. Following the publication and public criticism of his second book, he began exhibiting signs of a heart condition, probably a result of his childhood bout with rheumatic fever. He died in Bloomington, IN on August 25, 1956 at age 62 of heart disease and pneumonia.
In 2004, a movie was released, a biopic simply entitled "Kinsey," starring Liam Neeson and Laura Linney. The Kinsey Institute at Indiana University still exists.