Johann Friedrich I Elector of Saxony
- Category : Notable-Famous-Royal-family
- Type : MGP
- Profile : 2/5 - Hermit / Heretic
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Penetration 2
German nobility. Called John the Magnanimous, he was Elector of Saxony and Head of the Protestant Confederation of Germany (the Schmalkaldic League), and "Champion of the Reformation".
John Frederick was the eldest son of Elector John by his first wife, Sophie of Mecklenburg-Schwerin. His mother died fourteen days after his birth, on 12 July 1503.
He received his education from George Spalatin, Martin Luther's friend and advisor, and thereby cultivated a personal relationship with Luther. In 1532, John Frederick succeeded his father as elector. In the beginning he reigned with his half-brother, John Ernest, but in 1542 became sole ruler. He consolidated the Lutheran State Church and introduced the Reformation in the midst of growing discord.
The Battle of Mühlberg, 24 April 1547, went against him and dispersed his army. He received a slashing wound to the left side of his face, leaving him with a disfiguring scar from his lower eye socket down his cheek. He was taken prisoner by Emperor Charles V who condemned him to death as a convicted rebel. Imprisoned for life, he was released on 1 September 1552.
In Torgau on 9 February 1527 John Frederick had married Sibylle of Cleves. They had four sons. Johann Friedrich I died on 3 March 1554 in Weimar.