Joachim Ernst von Brandenburg Ansbach
- Category : Notable-Famous-Royal-family
- Type : GP
- Profile : 2/5 - Hermit / Heretic
- Definition : Split - Small (7,20,21)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX The Vessel of Love 2
German nobleman. He ruled as margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach from 1603 to 1625, succeeding his father John George and succeeded by his son Frederick III.
Joachim Ernst was the son of the elector John George of Brandenburg (11 September 1525 – 8 January 1598) and his third wife, Elisabeth of Anhalt-Zerbst. In 1603, he took over the government of the Margraviate of Brandenburg-Ansbach, after the old line of Franconian Hohenzollerns died out with the death of George Fredrick the Elder (April 5, 1539 – April 25, 1603) of the Ansbach-Jägerndorf branch. Joachim Ernst founded the younger branch of Ansbach line of the Franconian Hohenzollerns.
His predecessor, George Frederick had settled the succession of his two Franconian possessions (Brandenburg-Ansbach and Brandenburg-Kulmbach) in the House Treaty of Gera of 1598. In accordance with the provisions of this treaty, Margrave Joachim Ernst ruled Brandenburg-Ansbach and his brother Christian ruled neighboring Brandenburg-Kulmbach (Christian later moved his capital to Bayreuth, thereby changing its name to Brandenburg-Bayreuth).
In the religious conflicts of the early 17th Century, Joachim Ernst tended to be in the Protestant-Calvinist camp and he also supported the Dutch struggle for independence. He took an active part in bringing about the Protestant Alliance of the Protestant Union, which was founded in 1608 on his territory, in the secularized monastery at Auhausen, near Nördlingen. The Union was, however, dissolved again in 1621, after the outbreak of the Thirty Years' War, in view of the military superiority of the imperial camp. After the dissolution of the Union, Joachim Ernst was held responsible for the outbreak of war by his Catholic opponents and he then completely distanced himself from his former allies.
In 1612, he married Sophie of Solms-Laubach (1594–1651). They had five children: Sophie (1614–1646); Frederick III (1616–1634), Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach; Albert (1617); Albert II (1620–1667), Margrave of Brandenburg-Ansbach; and Christian (1623–1633).
He died on 7 March 1625.