- Category : 1909-births
- Type : MGP
- Profile : 2/4 - Hermit / Opportunist
- Definition : Split - Small (8)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Service 4
Polish Socialist. After 1948, he became a Communist politician, as well as a historian and professor at Warsaw University. He served as head of state of the People's Republic of Poland between 1972 and 1985.
He died 27 January 2003.