- Category : Humanities+Social-Sciences-Philosopher
- Type : GE
- Profile : 5/1 - Heretical / Investigator
- Definition : Quadruple Split (8,15,20,22,32,34,35,38,41,50)
- Incarnation Cross : LAX Distraction 2
German-Jewish philosopher and socialist, and one of the founders of Labor Zionism. His works included Holy History of Mankind (1837), European Triarchy (1841) and Rome and Jerusalem: The Last National Question, (1862). Hess originally advocated Jewish integration into the universalist socialist movement, and was a friend and collaborator of Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels. Hess converted Engels to Communism, and introduced Marx to social and economic problems. He died in Paris on April 6, 1875.