- Category : Engineer-Industrial
- Type : MGP
- Profile : 2/5 - Hermit / Heretic
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Unexpected 4
German industrialist, renowned aeronautical designer and builder of the first rocket-powered aircraft just prior to World War II. Particularly successful in the design and production of civilian and military planes for Germany, Heinkle's active career spanned more than five decades.
A student of the Technical Institute of Stuttgart, he completed four years of engineering study. While at the Institute in 1910, he constructed and flew an airplane of his own design; it crashed and burned. Within three years, he became the chief designer for the Albatross Aircraft Company in Berlin, and by 1918 he had designed many highly successful aircraft. In 1922, he organized the Ernst Heinkle Flugzeugwerke in Warnemünde, and built the He-70, which set eight world speed records during the early 1930s. The decade of the ’30s proved an especially fruitful design period for him, and in 1939, he designed the world’s first operational jet plane; the Heinkle 100 set a world speed record of 463.919 miles per hour.
Two of his designs were widely used by the German Air Force during World War II, but as the war was ending, Hinkle fell into disfavor with the Nazis. He was subsequently arrested by the Allies, tried for war crimes and released. In 1950, he started a new company, manufacturing bicycles, motorbikes and midget autos. His first prototype scooter was finished in January 1953. In 1955, Heinkle designed multiple prototypes, resulting in the introduction of a finished car in January 1956.
After Heinkle's death on 1/30/1959, Stuttgart, Germany, at the age of 71, Lincoln & Nolan obtained licensing to assemble the cars, and in 1961, Trojan of Cordon in England purchased the rights. The German Hinkle firm continued the manufacture of scooters and engines. In 1981, Heinkle was inducted into the International Aerospace Hall of Fame.