- Category : Humanities+Social-Sciences-Historian
- Type : GE
- Profile : 2/4 - Hermit / Opportunist
- Definition : Split - Small (14,46,51)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Planning 3
French scholar, professor and historian of ideas.
He was elected to the Académie française in 1939.
He is known today mainly for two works. The first was La Crise de la conscience européenne, 1935 (The European Mind, the Critical Years, 1680-1715, tr. 1952). This work examined the conflict between 17th-century Neoclassicism and its ideals of order and perfection and the ideas of the Enlightenment. The other was his last completed work La Pensée européenne au XVIIIème siècle, de Montesquieu à Lessing (1946) (European Thought in the Eighteenth Century from Montesquieu to Lessing, tr. 1954) published posthumously in 1946.
He died 13 April 1944.