- Category : 1911-births
- Type : GP
- Profile : 3/5 - Martyr / Heretic
- Definition : Split - Small (20)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Laws 4
French diplomat, military officer, and scholar of modern Chinese history.
He served as military attaché in China from 1937 to 1943, then returned to fight for the liberation of France in 1943, serving once more in China from 1945 to 1951, then went on to advise the French government on policy toward Asia. In 1958 he founded the Center for Research and Documentation on Modern and Contemporary China and wrote widely on modern Chinese affairs. He is particularly known for his studies of Chinese Communist Party history.
His honors include reaching the rank of General in the French Army and receiving the Académie française Prix Albéric Rocheron in 1969 for "Histoire du parti communiste chinois" and again in 1973 for his book, "Le parti communiste chinois au pouvoir."
He died on 4 February 1998.