- Category : Politics-Heads-of-state
- Type : GP
- Profile : 3/5 - Martyr / Heretic
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Eden 1
Italian historian and statesman, and a friend and critic of Niccolò Machiavelli, Guicciardini is considered one of the major political writers of the Italian Renaissance. In his masterpiece, The History of Italy, Guicciardini paved the way for a new style in historiography with his use of government sources to support arguments and the realistic analysis of the people and events of his time.
Guicciardini practised law in Florence in 1506 and served as Florentine ambassador to Spain 1512-1514. He entered papal service and was named Governor of the papal state of Modena 1516-1524. He was also Governor of the papal state of Reggio, 1517. As President of the Romagna, 1523, he restored order, built roads and public structures.
In 1534, Guicciardini began his monumental work, The History of Italy told in 20 volumes, considered the greatest historic work of its time.
He died in Arcetri, Duchy of Florence on 22 May 1540 OS at age 57 without male heirs. His nephew, Lodovico Guicciardini, was also a historian known for his 16th-century works on the Low Countries.