Friedrich I Duke of Anhalt
- Category : 1831-births
- Type : PE
- Profile : 1/3 - Investigating / Martyr
- Definition : Triple Split
- Incarnation Cross : RAX The Four Ways 1
German prince of the house of Ascania who ruled the Duchy of Anhalt from 1871 to 1904.
He was the third child and only son of Duke Leopold IV of Anhalt-Dessau and his wife Frederica Wilhelmina of Prussia, the daughter of Prince Louis Charles of Prussia.
He was married on 22 April 1854 at Altenburg to Princess Antoinette of Saxe-Altenburg. They had six children.
Frederick succeeded his father as Duke of Anhalt on 22 May 1871.
On 23 January 1904 he suffered an apoplectic stroke and died the next day at Ballenstedt castle. As his eldest son Leopold had predeceased him, he was succeeded as Duke by his second son who became Friedrich II.