- Category : 1883-births
- Type : PM
- Profile : 2/5 - Hermit / Heretic
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Consciousness 2
German Jewish philosopher and theologian, one of the co-founders of the Confessing Church, who was forced to emigrate to England because of his Jewish ancestry and his opposition to National Socialism. He died on 21 March 1958, aged 74, in Heidelberg, West Germany.