- Category : 1853-births
- Type : GP
- Profile : 1/3 - Investigating / Martyr
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Service 4
German archaeologist. He was an authority on Greek architecture who excavated the Mycenaean palace at Tiryns (modern Tirins, Greece) and continued the excavation of the famed German archaeologist Heinrich Schliemann at Hisarlık, Turky, the site of ancient Troy.
In 1882 Dörpfeld joined Schliemann, who was then excavating Troy. The two eventually became good friends and continued their collaboration on other projects as well.
In the year 1886 Dörpfeld founded the German School of Athens, which was later named after him, the Dörpfeld Gymnasium. From 1887 to 1912 he was the director of the German Archaeological Institute at Athens. He published, in 1896, Das griechische Theater, which was the first study of Greek theater construction.
William Dörpfeld was one of the seminal figures in classical archaeology. His stratigraphic method of dating archaeological sites based on the strata in which objects were found and the type of building materials remains at the core in archaeological site analyses. He is known as one who brought much order and integrity into archaeology, and one who saved many archaeological sites from Schliemann’s reckless excavations.
He died 25 April 1940, Leukas, Greece.