Peter C Doherty
- Category : 1940-births
- Type : PSE
- Profile : 1/3 - Investigating / Martyr
- Definition : Split - Small (17)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Maya 3
Australian veterinary surgeon and researcher in the field of medicine, who received the Albert Lasker Award for Basic Medical Research in 1995, the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine jointly with Rolf M. Zinkernagel in 1996 and was named Australian of the Year in 1997. In the Australia Day Honours of 1997, he was named a Companion of the Order of Australia for his work with Zinkernagel. He is also a National Trust Australian Living Treasure. In 2009 as part of the Q150 celebrations, Doherty's immune system research was announced as one of the Q150 Icons of Queensland for its role as an iconic "innovation and invention".
Doherty's research focuses on the immune system and his Nobel work described how the body's immune cells protect against viruses. He and Rolf Zinkernagel, the co-recipient of the 1996 Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, discovered how T cells recognise their target antigens in combination with major histocompatibility complex (MHC) proteins.
His semi-autobiographical book, The Beginner's Guide to Winning the Nobel Prize, was published in 2005, A Light History of Hot Air was published in 2007, and in 2012 he published the book Sentinel Chickens. His fourth book The Knowledge Wars was published in 2015.