- Category : 1922-births
- Type : PE
- Profile : 1/3 - Investigating / Martyr
- Definition : Split - Small (38,58)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX The Sphinx 4
French sociologist and member of the Académie des sciences morales et politiques since 1999. He was also an officer of the Légion d'honneur and a commander of the Ordre National du Mérite, as well as a laureate of the Prix Tocqueville. He died on 24 May 2013 in Paris.