Caroline Matilda Queen of Denmark and Norway
- Category : Notable-Famous-Royal-family
- Type : MGE
- Profile : 3/5 - Martyr / Heretic
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Laws 2
British princess who became Queen of Denmark and Norway from 1766 to 1775 by marriage.
Caroline was the youngest child of Frederick, Prince of Wales, and Princess Augusta of Saxe-Gotha. At the age of fifteen, she left her family behind in Britain in order to travel to Denmark and marry her cousin, Christian VII of Denmark, on 8 November 1766. She had two children: Frederick VI of Denmark (1768–1839) and Princess Louise Auguste of Denmark (1771–1843).
Louise was fathered almost certainly by Caroline's lover Johann Friedrich Struensee, a royal physician. Struensee and Caroline Matilda were both arrested in the middle of the night between 16 and 17 January, after a masked ball at the royal theatre at Christiansborg Castle. Caroline Matilda was taken to Kronborg Castle to await her judgment. She was allowed to keep her daughter with her, while 4 year old Crown Prince Frederik stayed with his father. The marriage of Caroline Matilda and Christian was dissolved by divorce in April 1772. After the divorce, Johann Friedrich Struensee and his accomplice Count Enevold Brandt were executed on 28 April 1772.
Caroline Matilda's brother, George III, sent Sir Robert Murray Keith, a British diplomat, to negotiate for her release from imprisonment. On 28 May 1772, Caroline Matilda was deported on board a British frigate to Celle, residing at Celle Castle in her brother's German territory of Hanover. She never saw her children again. She died suddenly of scarlet fever at Celle on 10 May 1775.