Carlos III King of Spain
- Category : Notable-Famous-Royal-family
- Type : GP
- Profile : 4/6 - Opportunistic / Role Model
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Laws 4
King of Spain and the Spanish Indies from 1759 to 1788 (Anglicised name: Charles III). He was the fifth son of Felipe V (Philip V) of Spain, but eldest by his second wife, Elisabeth Farnese. In 1731, the 15-year-old Carlos became the Duke of Parma and Piacenza, as Carlos I, on the death of his childless granduncle Antonio Farnese.
In 1734, as Duke of Parma, he conquered the kingdoms of Naples and of Sicily, and was crowned king on 3 July 1735, reigning as Carlos VII of Naples and Carlos V of Sicily. In 1738 he married Princess Maria Amalia of Saxony, who gave birth to 13 children, eight of whom reached adulthood. Carlos and Maria Amalia resided in Naples for 19 years; she died in 1760.
Upon succeeding to the Spanish throne on 10 August 1759, Carlos, a proponent of enlightened absolutism, on 6 October 1759 abdicated the Neapolitan and Sicilian thrones in favour of Ferdinand, his third surviving son, who became Ferdinand I of the Two Sicilies.
Carlos III died on 14 December 1788.