Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
- Category : Royalty
- Type : MGE
- Profile : 4/6 - Opportunistic / Role Model
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Maya 2
Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall GCVO (Camilla Rosemary; née Shand, previously Parker Bowles; born 17 July 1947 (birth time source: Astrodatabank)) is the second wife of Charles, Prince of Wales, and member of the British Royal Family. By her second marriage she shares her husband's titles as Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, Countess of Chester and Baroness of Renfrew. Although she is the Princess of Wales because of her marriage to the Prince of Wales, she prefers to be known by the secondary titles of Duchess of Cornwall and Duchess of Rothesay out of respect for her husband's first wife, the late Diana, Princess of Wales. She chooses to be known as the Duchess of Rothesay in Scotland, and as the Duchess of Cornwall elsewhere.
As he is the future Supreme Governor of the Church of England, the prospect of Charles marrying a divorcée was seen as controversial, but with the consent of Elizabeth II, Parliament and the Church of England, the couple were able to wed.
The Duchess had two children from her marriage to Andrew Parker Bowles and has five grandchildren.
The Royal Family of the
United Kingdom and the
other Commonwealth realms
Badge of the House of Windsor.svg
HM The Queen
HRH The Duke of Edinburgh
HRH The Prince of Wales
HRH The Duchess of Cornwall
HRH The Duke of Cambridge
HRH The Duchess of Cambridge
HRH Prince Harry of Wales
HRH The Duke of York
HRH Princess Beatrice of York
HRH Princess Eugenie of York
HRH The Earl of Wessex
HRH The Countess of Wessex
Lady Louise Windsor
HRH The Princess Royal
HRH The Duke of Gloucester
HRH The Duchess of Gloucester
HRH The Duke of Kent
HRH The Duchess of Kent
HRH Prince Michael of Kent
HRH Princess Michael of Kent
HRH Princess Alexandra
Born at King's College Hospital, London,on 17 July 1947, Shand was raised opposite the Plumpton Racecourse, East Sussex by her parents, Major Bruce Shand (1917–2006) (a British Army officer, turned wine merchant, as well as prisoner of war in World War II who received the Military Cross with Bar) and The Honourable Rosalind Cubitt (1921–1994, eldest child of Roland Calvert Cubitt, 3rd Baron Ashcombe). Her siblings are Mark Shand and Annabel Shand Elliot. Her maternal great-grandmother, Alice Keppel, formerly Alice Frederica Edmonstone, was the royal mistress of King Edward VII from 1898 to 1910. She was christened 1 November 1947 at Firle Church, Sussex. Her godparents were the Hon. Harry Cubitt (her maternal uncle), Major Neil Speke, Mrs Heathcoat Amory, Mrs Lombard Hobson, and Miss Vivien Mosley.
Camilla attended Dumbrells School, a co-educational school in Sussex at the age of 5. At the age of 10 she attended fashionable Queen's Gate School in South Kensington. She left school with one O-level. At the age of 16, she attended the Mon Fertile finishing school in Switzerland and studied at the Institut Britannique in Paris. Following her education, she made her London debut as a debutante in 1965.
She joined the workforce as a part-time secretary and later took a job at the decorating firm of Sybil Colefax and John Fowler. She also became an avid equestrienne and participated in fox hunting until its ban in 2004. Her interests include horse-riding, gardening and horticulture. She lived in a two-bedroom ground-floor flat, at Cundy Street, at the back end of Belgravia, sharing with Moyra Campbell, the daughter of James Edward Hamilton, 4th Duke of Abercorn, who had been a maid of honour to Queen Elizabeth II at her coronation and whose mother was a close friend to Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Lady Moyra moved out when she married. Her new flat mate became Virginia Carrington, daughter of the conservative politician and a former Guards Officer, Lord Carrington.
First engagement and marriage
The Times announced the engagement of Camilla and Andrew Parker Bowles. On 4 July 1973, 26-year old Camilla married 34-year old Andrew Parker Bowles at the Guards Chapel, Wellington Barracks, London. Their bridesmaids included Parker Bowles' goddaughter Lady Emma Herbert. The wedding was attended by almost 800 guests including Princess Anne, Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother and Princess Margaret, Countess of Snowdon.
The couple made their home in Wiltshire. They had two children: Tom, born in the year after their marriage, who is a godson of Prince Charles, and Laura, born in 1978; both children were raised in their father's Roman Catholic faith, although both were married in the Church of England; Tom, like his father, is in remainder to the Earldom of Macclesfield. Andrew and Camilla divorced in 1995 after her relationship with the Prince of Wales became public. The divorce was finalized on 3 March 1995. They were married for 22 years. In 2010, Camilla attended the memorial service for Rosemary Pitman, Andrew's second wife, who died of cancer that year.
Relationship with the Prince of Wales
The relationship between Camilla and Prince Charles began when they met at a polo match in 1970. They were formally introduced by Lucia Santa Cruz, an old girlfriend of the Prince of Wales. Though she became one of the numerous girlfriends of Charles, and he was said to have wanted to marry her, Camilla was seen by royal courtiers as an unsuitable match for the future king. Robert Lacey wrote in his 2002 book, Royal: Her Majesty Queen Elizabeth II, that Charles had met Camilla too early, and that he had not asked her to wait for him when he went overseas for military duties in 1972. It has been suggested by one of his late father's uncle, "Uncle Dickie," Louis Mountbatten, 1st Earl Mountbatten of Burma close circle that his uncle arranged Charles to be posted overseas to end the relationship with Camilla, and to pave a way for a possible engagement to his granddaughter, Amanda Knatchbull. He was heartbroken when he heard of the engagement of Camilla and Andrew Parker Bowles in 1973, writing to Lord Mountbatten: "I suppose the feeling of emptiness will pass eventually." Nevertheless they remained friends, and renewed their romantic relationship in the late 1970s and late 1980s. Aware of the renewal, Parker Bowles reportedly gave full consent to the relationship during their marriage. The press later derided him as the "man who laid down his wife for his country."
The affair became public knowledge a decade later, with the publication of Diana: Her True Story, followed by the Camillagate scandal, wherein an intimate telephone conversation between Camilla and Charles was secretly recorded and the transcripts published in the tabloids. With the relationship in the open, Diana gave an interview on the BBC programme Panorama, in which she blamed the relationship between Camilla and the Prince of Wales as one of the reasons for the breakup of their marriage. Though Camilla kept a low profile at this time, she became unpopular by these revelations. It was confirmed by Charles in a televised interview with Jonathan Dimbleby that the relationship between him and Camilla resumed during their crumbling marriages. Following this, the Parker Bowleses announced their own divorce in 1995,having been living apart for some time, and a year later Andrew Parker Bowles married his long-time mistress and companion Rosemary Pitman.
Discreetly, Camilla occasionally became Charles' unofficial companion at events. This temporarily ceased and in 1999, they were photographed together in public at the Ritz Hotel in London where they attended a birthday party. Though she maintained her residence in Wiltshire, Camilla then moved into Clarence House, Charles' household in 2003, resulting in decorative changes to both homes, though Buckingham Palace was explicit in pointing out that public funds had not been used for the renovations. In 2005, the media reported that Charles was spending on Camilla with public funds, this received a lot of negative publicity and as a result, an investigation by the Public Accounts Committee of the House of Commons began probing in Charles' finances about the report.
Following the couple's divorces, Charles stated his relationship with Camilla was and is "non-negotiable." At the time of Charles and Diana's divorce through to Diana's death, Camilla was a hate figure in the press and to the public. Charles was aware that their relationship was receiving a lot of public attention, and appointed Mark Bolland, recruited by Charles in 1995 to refurbish his own image, to enhance Camilla's image. As part of this effort, to "soften" her hunting image and burnish her reputation, Camilla became President of the National Osteoporosis Society. In 2000, she met the Queen, for the first time since the relationship came out, at a barbecue party of King Constantine II of Greece, this meeting was seen as an apparent seal of approval by the Queen on Camilla's relationship with Charles.
An orchestrated series of appearances at public and private venues eventually led to her sitting in the royal box behind the Queen for one of the Golden Jubilee concerts at Buckingham Palace in 2002. The same year, she received an invitation by the Queen to attend the Queen Mother's funeral.
Camilla was fully refurbished in Paddy Campbell dresses, a Mayfair stylist, and adorned in jewelry. She still rode with the Beaufort Hunt- and commuted between Highgrove House and her own home on a regular basis. In London, she stayed at St James's Palace, where staff curtseyed to her and addressed her as 'Ma'am', as any member of the royal family and at almost all private occasions, she was by now accompanying the Prince. She attended the Holyrood House garden party and the Sandringham House flower show with Prince Charles. In time, marriage became a viable option for the pair.
Second engagement and marriage
Main article: Wedding of Charles, Prince of Wales, and Camilla Parker Bowles
See also: Wedding dress of Camilla Parker Bowles
On 10 February 2005, it was announced by Clarence House that Camilla and the Prince of Wales were engaged; Camilla had been presented with an engagement ring that had belonged to the late Queen Elizabeth The Queen Mother. Charles proposed on bended knee. The marriage was to have been on 8 April of that year, and was to take place in a civil ceremony at Windsor Castle, with a subsequent religious blessing at St George's Chapel. To conduct a civil marriage at Windsor Castle would oblige the venue to obtain a licence for civil marriages, which it did not have. A condition of such a licence is that the licensed venue must be available for a period of one year to anyone wishing to be married there. As the Royal Family did not wish to make Windsor Castle available to the public for civil marriages, even just for one year, the location was changed to the Windsor Guildhall.
On 4 April it was announced that the marriage would be delayed by one day to allow for the Prince of Wales and some of the invited dignitaries to attend the funeral of Pope John Paul II. As Charles' parents did not attend the marriage ceremony (the Queen's reluctance to attend arising from her position as Supreme Governor of the Church of England), neither did Camilla's father; instead her son Tom and Prince William acted as witnesses of the union. The Queen and Duke of Edinburgh did, however, attend the service of blessing, and held a reception for the newlyweds at Windsor Castle afterwards. Following the wedding, the couple travelled to the Prince's country home in Scotland, Birkhall, and carried out their first public duties as a couple during their honeymoon.
Duchess of Cornwall
After becoming Duchess of Cornwall, the duchess automatically acquired rank as the second highest female in the United Kingdom Order of Precedence (after the Queen), and as typically fifth or sixth in the orders of precedence of her other realms, following the Queen, the relevant viceroy, the Duke of Edinburgh, and the Prince of Wales. It was revealed that the Queen altered the royal order of precedence for private occasions, placing Camilla fourth, after the Queen, the Princess Royal, and Princess Alexandra. Within two years of the marriage, the Queen extended Camilla visible tokens of membership in the Royal Family; use of a tiara of the late Queen Mother, and the badge of the Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II.
Though no details were publicly released, it was confirmed in March 2007 that Camilla had undergone a hysterectomy. According to an announcement by Clarence House, it was the Duchess' intent to attend the anniversary memorial service for Diana, Princess of Wales on 31 August 2007, along with The Prince of Wales, and Princes William and Harry of Wales. The Duchess withdrew from attending, stating that she wished not to "divert attention from the purpose of the occasion which is to focus on the life and service of Diana." On 8 April 2010, Camilla broke her left leg while hill walking in Scotland. In November, Camilla and her husband were indirectly involved in the 2010 British student protests when their car was attacked by protesters. She was physically attacked when a rioter managed to push a stick into the royal limousine and jab her in the ribs.
Initially, the Duchess of Cornwall's royal duties involve accompanying the Prince of Wales on his official obligations.
The Duchess made her inaugural overseas tour, to the United States, in November 2005. Following the 7 July 2005 London bombings, the Duchess and the Prince visited victims of the attack at St Mary's Hospital in Paddington. In March 2006, the Prince and the Duchess undertook official visits to Egypt, Saudi Arabia, and India. In November 2007, the Duchess toured with the Prince of Wales on a four-day visit to Turkey. In 2008, she joined the Prince of Wales to tour the Caribbean, Japan, Brunei and Indonesia. 2009 was a busy year for the Duchess, with the Prince of Wales she paid a visit to Chile, Brazil,and Ecuador. Following the tour, they paid a visit to Italy and Germany, Their Royal Highnesses’ visit to The Holy See included an audience with Pope Benedict XVI. In November 2009, they visited Canada. The Canadian tour was highly-publicized. In early 2010, they undertook an official visit to Hungary, the Czech Republic and Poland. In October 2010, the Duchess accompanied the Prince of Wales to Delhi, India for the opening of the 2010 Commonwealth Games.
In March 2011, the Duchess went with the Prince of Wales to undertake official visits in Portugal, Spain, and Morocco. The tour began in Lisbon, Portugal, where among other engagements the Prince and the Duchess celebrated long-standing co-operation between the Portuguese and Royal Navies, supported British trade and investment opportunities and highlighted the work of the substantial resident British community. The President of Portugal later hosted an official dinner to welcome them. In Spain, The Prince and The Duchess were received in Madrid by The Prince and Princess of Asturias. They attended an official dinner at the Royal Palace having lunch with Their Majesties The King and Queen of Spain. The Spring Tour finished in Morocco. In Rabat, they were guests of The King of Morocco, who received them for a meeting and an official dinner. The Duchess attended the wedding of her stepson, Prince William, Duke of Cambridge, and Kate Middleton on 29 April 2011. The Duchess attended the 10th Anniversary of the 9/11 attacks along with the Prince of Wales and Prime Minister David Cameron on 11 September 2011. In August 2011, the Duchess accompanied the Prince of Wales to Tottenham, breaking off their holidays to show solidarity with the deprived north London community scarred by violence in the riots. The couple surprised Tottenham shoppers in February 2012 as they visited businesses targeted in August's Riots to see how they were recovering on the London-riots anniversary. In November 2011, The Duchess undertook official visits with the Prince of Wales to tour Commonwealth and Gulf Countries. They toured in South Africa and Tanzania. They met with President Jacob Zuma and President Jakaya Kikwete.
From 20 March to 27 March 2012, the Duchess and Prince of Wales undertook officials visits to Norway, Sweden, and Denmark to mark the Diamond Jubilee of Elizabeth II. In May 2012, the royal couple undertook a four-day trip to Canada as part of the Diamond Jubilee. Highlights of the tour included the celebration of Victoria Day which took place on 21 May 2012.
The Duchess of Cornwall's first solo engagement was a visit to a hospital in Southampton; she attended the Trooping the Colour for the first time in June 2005, making her appearance on the balcony of Buckingham Palace afterwards. The Duchess conducted the naming ceremony for HMS Astute on 8 June 2007, and, on 10 December, she did the same for the new Cunard cruise ship, MS Queen Victoria, it being said that the Queen had been surprised by Cunard's invitation. In May 2011, she attended the Classic Brit Awards and honored James Bond composer and Oscar-winner John Barry with a posthumous award for his outstanding contribution to music. The Family of the Duke of Kent usually represented the Queen at Wimbledon, however in June 2011, the Duchess alone represented the Royal family at the 125th Wimbledon Tennis Championships. From 4 April to 5 April 2012, the duchess took a trip to Woolton in Liverpool to officially open the Diamond Jubilee Gates at Reynolds Park. She later visited the Beatles Story exhibition to mark the 50th Anniversary of The Beatles.
The Duchess was a prominent participant in the celebrations for the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Elizabeth II during the extended weekend of 2-5 June 2012, especially following the absence of The Duke of Edinburgh owing to ill health on 4-5 June. She stood next to the Queen during the speech by The Prince of Wales at the conclusion of the Diamond Jubilee Concert and was seated next to the Queen the following day in the carriage procession from Westminster to Buckingham Palace .
The Duchess of Cornwall is the Patron of The Royal School, Hampstead, an independent girls' school, Patron of Animal Care Trust (Under the umbrella of the Royal Veterinary College), Patron of The Society of Chiropodists and Podiatrists, Patron of Unicorn Theatre for Children, Patron of Cornwall Community Foundation, Patron of Wiltshire Bobby van Trust, Patron of Youth Action Wiltshire, Patron of New Queen's Hall Orchestra, Patron of St John's Smith Square, Patron of London Chamber Orchestra, Patron of Georgian Theatre Royal, Richmond (A Joint Patron with the Prince of Wales), President of Scotland's Gardens Scheme, President of National Osteoporosis Society (First Charity to be given the role), Patron of The Cornish Air Ambulance Service, Patron of Girl's Friendly Society, Patron of The National Literacy Trust, Patron of Nuffield Orthopaedic Centre, Patron of Royal National Hospital for Rheumatic Diseases, Patron of Plumpton College Charitable Foundation, as well as President or Patron of a number of other charities, as detailed below.
She is the honorary Commodore-in-Chief of the Royal Navy Medical Service. In this role she visited the training-ship HMS Excellent in January 2012, to award medals to naval medical teams returning from service in Afghanistan.
In March 2012, the Duchess became the Patron of The Big Jubilee Lunch (BJL), in which communities across the United Kingdom and the Commonwealth held lunches including street parties, garden gatherings and picnics on 3 June 2012, as part of the Queen’s Diamond Jubilee celebrations.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
Titles and styles
Royal styles of
The Duchess of Cornwall
Arms of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.svg
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Ma'am
17 July 1947 – 4 July 1973: Miss Camilla Rosemary Shand
4 July 1973 – 3 March 1995: Mrs Andrew Parker Bowles
3 March 1995 – 9 April 2005: Mrs Camilla Parker Bowles
9 April 2005 – present : Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Cornwall
in Scotland: 9 April 2005 – present: Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Rothesay
Camilla's title and style in full: Her Royal Highness The Princess Charles Philip Arthur George, Princess of Wales and Countess of Chester, Duchess of Cornwall, Duchess of Rothesay, Countess of Carrick, Baroness of Renfrew, Lady of the Isles, Princess of Scotland, Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order.
Because the title 'Princess of Wales' became strongly associated with the previous holder of that title, the late Diana, Princess of Wales, Camilla has adopted the feminine form of her husband's highest-ranking subsidiary title, Duke of Cornwall. Unless any specific Act of Parliament is passed by the Parliament of the United Kingdom (and other Commonwealth States) to the contrary, should Prince Charles become King, she can assume by courtesy the style of "Queen Camilla". However, continued controversy about her ascendence raised the continuing likelihood that she might retain a morganatic style, albeit by courtesy—she would always be entitled to be acknowledged with the rank and style of her husband. Clarence House stated that when Charles becomes King, Camilla will adopt the unprecedented style of Princess Consort, similar to the style of Prince Albert. This is not the same usage as her father-in-law, The Duke of Edinburgh, who does not hold the title of Prince Consort (although as a prince and a consort, he is the Queen's Prince consort).
MEX Order of the Aztec Eagle 5Class BAR.png 30 October 2007: Member of the Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II
Ord.Victoriano.jpg 9 April 2012: Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO)
SCM ribbon.png 2005: Commemorative Medal for the Centennial of Saskatchewan
Honorary military appointments
The Duchess of Cornwall holds the following military appointments:
Canada 2010–: Colonel-in-Chief, The Queen's Own Rifles of Canada
United Kingdom United Kingdom
United Kingdom: Royal Colonel of the 4th Battalion of The Rifles
United Kingdom 2008–: Honorary Air Commodore of RAF Halton
United Kingdom: Honorary Air Commodore of RAF Leeming
United Kingdom: Commodore-in-Chief of the Naval Medical Services
United Kingdom: Commodore-in-Chief Naval Chaplaincy Service
United Kingdom: Lady sponsor of HMS Astute
Arms of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall
On the duchess' 58th birthday, Clarence House announced that Camilla had been granted by the Queen a coat of arms for her own personal use. It was reported that the Queen, Charles, and Camilla all took a "keen interest" in the arms' creation, and they were prepared by Peter Gwynn-Jones, Garter Principal King of Arms. The Duchess' coat of arms impale the Prince of Wales' main coat of arms to the dexter, with her father's coat of arms to the sinister.
Coat of Arms of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall.svg
17 July 2005
Coronet of the Prince of Wales
Quarterly 1st and 4th gules three lions passant guardant in pale or armed and langed azure 2nd or a lion rampant gules armed and langued azure within a double tressure flory counterflory of the second 3rd azure a harp or stringed argent (the Royal Arms of the United Kingdom), the whole difference with a label of three points Argent; with an inescutcheon of four lions passant guardant, in gold and red, counterchanged, surmounted by the coronet of the heir (for the Principality of Wales); impaled with a shield of Azure a Boar's Head erased close Argent armed and langued Or on a Chief engrailed Argent between two Mullets Gules a Cross crosslet fitchy Sable.
Dexter: a lion rampant gardant Or crowned with the coronet of the heir, differenced with a label of three points Argent; sinister: a Boar Azure armed and unguled Or langued Gules and gorged with a Coronet composed of crosses formy and fleurs-de-lys attached thereto a Chain reflexed over the back and ending in a ring all Or.
The Royal Victorian Order circlet.
Insignia of GCVO appended
Aside from the invention of a boar supporter (reflected in her paternal arms) for the sinister side, Camilla's coat of arms is entirely consistent with the historical heraldic arrangement for a married woman who is not a heraldic heiress.
Previous versions were depicted without the Royal Victorian Order, in which she was only appointed in 2012.
Name Birth Marriage Issue
Tom Parker Bowles 18 December 1974 10 September 2005 Sara Buys Lola Rosalind Parker Bowles
Freddy Parker Bowles
Laura Parker Bowles 1 January 1978 6 May 2006 Harry Lopes Eliza Lopes
According to genealogist William Addams Reitwiesner, the Duchess of Cornwall's ancestry is predominantly French, English, Dutch, and Scottish. Through her French lineage, Camilla's maternal line great-great-grandmother was Sophia Mary MacNab of Hamilton, Ontario, who was the descendant of 17th century immigrants to Quebec, daughter of Sir Allan MacNab, and wife of William Coutts Keppel, Earl of Albemarle. Their son, George, was husband to Alice Edmonstone, who was the royal mistress of King Edward VII, the great-great-grandfather of Prince Charles.
Also through George Keppel on Camilla's side and through Queen Mother on Charles' side, Camilla and Charles are ninth cousins once removed.
Through her mother she is a descendant of Zacharie Cloutier, making her a distant relation of Celine Dion, Hillary Clinton, Angelina Jolie and Madonna, while her bloodline is also connected to King Charles II through his illegitimate son, Charles Lennox, Duke of Richmond; Thomas Cubitt, prominent Victorian architect; and, through the Earl of Albemarle, Judith Keppel, the first winner of the top prize on the television game show Who Wants to be a Millionaire?.
Ancestors of Camilla, Duchess of Cornwall