- Category : 1958-births
- Type : PSP
- Profile : 3/5 - Martyr / Heretic
- Definition : Split - Small (16,45)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Tension 1
French politician of French-Lebanese descent. He was Minister of Industry, Energy and the Digital economy under the Minister of Economy, Finance and Industry, Christine Lagarde and previously, from 2009 to 2010, Minister of Immigration, Integration, National Identity and Mutually-Supportive Development in the government of François Fillon.
He left the Socialist Party (PS) the day of the first round presidential elections in 2007 to found The Progressives, a social democratic affiliate party of Nicolas Sarkozy's Union for a Popular Movement (UMP). He has been Deputy Secretary-General of the UMP since 2009.