- Category : 1894-births
- Type : MGE
- Profile : 6/2 - Role Model / Hermit
- Definition : Triple Split
- Incarnation Cross : LAX Identification 2
German Communist and resistance fighter against the Nazi régime, imprisoned very shortly after the Nazis seized power in 1933 and kept in prison almost without interruption until his execution on 18 September 1944, by the Nazis. Nonetheless, he was one of the most important leaders of the German Resistance.