- Category : 1877-births
- Type : GP
- Profile : 4/6 - Opportunistic / Role Model
- Definition : Split - Small (1,20)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Explanation 4
Member of the Polish Socialist Party and the Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile in London from 1944 to 1947, presiding over the period when the government lost the recognition of the Western powers.
He died 20 November 1955.