- Category : Writers-Playwright-script
- Type : MGE
- Profile : 4/6 - Opportunistic / Role Model
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX The Sleeping Phoenix 3
Italian-French poet and art critic, lyricist and dramatist. Noted as the precursor of surrealism and modernist poetry, he mixed with a circle of artists that included Picasso, Derain and Jarry, becoming the lover of Marie Laurencin.
Illegitimate at birth, he spent his childhood on the French Riviera and after extensive travels in Germany and eastern Europe, settled in Paris where he signed his first poetry as Guillaume Apollinaire in 1903. After working several years as a clerk, he published his novel "L'Enchanteur Pourrissant" in 1909. Aside from a collection of verse, his major achievement was championing and explaining new artistic movement. His book "Les Peintres cubists," 1913, was on cubism, remaining an important document today and he coined the term "surrealism" in 1917.
Seriously wounded in action in WW I in 1916, he never fully recovered and died in Paris, 11/09/1918, not long after his marriage to Jacqueline Kolb.