Anne, Princess Royal
- Category : Royalty
- Type : PM
- Profile : 4/6 - Opportunistic / Role Model
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Explanation 3
The Princess Anne, Princess Royal (Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise; born 15 August 1950), is a member of the British Royal Family and the only daughter of Elizabeth II. She is the seventh holder of the title Princess Royal, and is currently ninth in the line of succession to the British Throne. At the time of her birth, she was third in line, but moved to second place from when her mother became Queen, until the birth of her brother, The Prince Andrew, in 1960.
The Princess Royal is most famous for her charitable work. She is the only member of the British Royal Family to have competed in the Olympic Games.
Princess Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise was born on 15 August 1950 at Clarence House, London. Her father is Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh, the son of Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark and the former Princess Alice of Battenberg. Her mother is Queen Elizabeth II, Queen of the United Kingdom, the eldest daughter of George VI and Queen Elizabeth.
She was baptised in the Music Room of Buckingham Palace on 21 October 1950 by Cyril Garbett, Archbishop of York. Her godparents were: The Earl Mountbatten of Burma, Andrew Elphinstone, Queen Elizabeth, Princess Andrew of Greece and Denmark and Princess Gottfried of Hohenlohe-Langenburg.
Shortly before the birth of her elder brother, Charles, Prince of Wales, in 1948, their grandfather King George VI issued Letters Patent granting the titular dignity of Prince or Princess of Great Britain and Northern Ireland and the style Royal Highness to any children born to the Duke and Duchess of Edinburgh. Thus, from birth, Princess Anne was styled Her Royal Highness Princess Anne of Edinburgh. Had it not been for these letters patent she would have been known as 'Lady Anne Mountbatten' until her mother became Queen in 1952.
Princess Anne was educated in Buckingham Palace and then at Benenden School, a public boarding school in Kent.
The Princess Anne
On 6 February 1952, when Anne's grandfather, George VI, died, her mother ascended the throne as Elizabeth II. Anne was now styled Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne. Given her young age, she did not attend her mother's coronation. Princess Anne began to undertake royal and official duties as a teenager in the late 1960s.
Anne has always shown a keen interest in horses, and equine pursuits have been an important part of her life. At the age of 21, she won the individual title at the European Eventing Championship held at Burghley and was voted BBC's BBC Sports Personality of the Year in 1971 - her daughter Zara Phillips, would win the same award 35 years later, on 10 December 2006. For over five years she competed with the British eventing team, winning a silver medal in both individual and team disciplines in the 1975 European Eventing Championships held in Germany riding the home-bred Doublet. The following year she participated in the 1976 Montreal Olympic Games as a member of the British team riding the Queen's horse Goodwill. On 5 February 1987, she appeared as a panellist on the 200th edition of the BBC TV panel game A Question of Sport, becoming the first titled British royal to appear as a contestant on a TV quiz show.
On 14 November 1973 Princess Anne married Mark Phillips, a Lieutenant and later Captain in the 1st Queen's Dragoon Guards at Westminster Abbey, London. The marriage was televised around the world with an estimated audience of 100 million. The couple have two children, both of whom, like their mother, were born on the 15th day of a month:
Peter Phillips, born 15 November 1977
Zara Phillips, born 15 May 1981
As is customary, the Queen is believed to have offered Mark Phillips an earldom on his wedding day, which he turned down. This may also have been the specific wish of Princess Anne, who wanted to shield future children from the publicity that courtesy titles might bring. They thus become the first grandchildren of a sovereign to carry no title. However, they are not the first children of a princess to carry no title. The children of Princess Alexandra, the Queen's cousin, who were born in the 1960s, are also untitled.
After their wedding, Princess Anne and Captain Mark Phillips lived at Gatcombe Park, in Gloucestershire.
The Princess Royal visits the USNS Comfort on 11 July 2002 while the ship was docked in Southampton, England
Princess Anne was the target of a failed kidnap attempt on 20 March 1974. To this day, it remains the closest any individual has come to kidnapping a member of the British Royal Family.
The incident occurred as Princess Anne and Mark Phillips were returning to Buckingham Palace from a London charity event on Pall Mall. Their Rolls Royce was forced to stop by a Ford Escort.. The driver of the Escort, Ian Ball (later judged to be mentally unstable) jumped from his car, firing a gun. Inspector James Beaton, the Princess's private detective, responded by jumping out to shield the Princess as he tried to disarm Ball. However, his gun jammed and he was shot in the head and chest. The chauffeur, Alex Callender was also shot as he tried to disarm Ball. Journalist Brian McConnell, who was passing by, also tried to intervene and was shot once in the chest. As Ball told the Princess of his kidnapping plan and asked her to get out of the car, she replied "Not bloody likely!" and briefly considered hitting Ball. Eventually, the Princess dived out of the car on the other side. A second passer-by, Ron Russell, punched Ball in the back of the head and led Anne away from the scene. PC Michael Hills discovered the scene, but was shot by Ball. However he managed to call for backup. A nearby police officer, DC Peter Edmonds gave chase and finally arrested Ball.
Ball later pleaded guilty to attempted murder and attempted kidnap and was detained under the Mental Health Act. He was sent to Broadmoor Hospital, where he remains. Ball planned to ransom the Princess for a sum given in various sources as £2 million or £3 million. to the NHS. The incident prompted higher security levels for the Royal Family. Beaton was awarded the George Cross. Alex Callender, Brian McConnell, Ron Russell, PC Michael Hills, and DC Peter Edmonds were awarded the Queen's Gallantry Medal.
In 2007 Granada Television produced a docu-drama entitled "To Kidnap A Princess" directed by John Alexander which related this incident.
Ian Ball, still in Broadmoor, has placed bizarre advertisements directing readers to his web site, which offers £1 million to anyone who can prove his theory that the whole incident in fact took place a year later, and formed part of a long-standing and elaborate persecution of Ball by a policeman.
Chancellor of the University of London
In 1981, following the retirement of The Queen Mother, Anne was elected Chancellor of the University of London, following an election by graduates of the university in which she was choosen above Jack Jones and Nelson Mandela.
The Princess Royal
Reference style Her Royal Highness
Spoken style Your Royal Highness
Alternative style Ma'am
On 13 June 1987, the Queen bestowed the title of Princess Royal on Princess Anne, the seventh creation of this title. Anne was now to be styled Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal. The title is only given to the eldest daughter of the sovereign, the last holder being George V's daughter, Princess Mary, Countess of Harewood.
In May 1996, Princess Anne served as Her Majesty's High Commissioner to the General Assembly of the Church of Scotland. This role granted her, in Scotland, for the duration, higher precedence just below her parents (above her brothers), and the alternative style of Her Grace Her Majesty's High Commissioner.
Divorce and remarriage
In August, 1989, the Princess Royal and Mark Phillips announced their intention to separate. The marriage had been under strain for many years. The couple divorced on 21 April 1992. On 12 December 1992, Anne remarried, the first royal divorcee since Victoria of Edinburgh to do so. She chose to remarry in the Church of Scotland since the Church of England forbade divorcees from remarrying in their churches.
She married Timothy Laurence in Crathie Kirk near the Balmoral Estate, Aberdeenshire. At the time of their marriage, he was a Royal Navy commander, and has since risen to the rank of Vice-Admiral. They have no children together.
In 1994, Princess Anne was created a Lady of the Garter by The Queen. She also received special dispensation to use the post-nominal KG, rather than the normal female equivalent of LG.
In 2007, the Princess Royal was given the distinct honour of being installed by The Queen as Grand Master of the Royal Victorian Order, succeeding her late grandmother, Queen Elizabeth, The Queen Mother.
The Princess Royal carries out the most engagements of any member of the Royal Family. This current popularity is in contrast to her previous reputation when she earned the nickname Princess Sourpuss.
The Princess Royal is involved with over 200 charities and organisations in an official capacity. The Princess Royal works extensively for the charity Save the Children of which she has been president since 1970. The Princess Royal Trust for Carers was created on her initiative in 1991 - her work for the charity takes her all over the world, including many poverty stricken African nations. Also her extensive work for St. John Ambulance as Commandant-in-Chief of St. John Ambulance Cadets has helped to develop many young people as she annually attends the Grand Prior Award Reception. She is also a British representative in the International Olympic Committee as an administrator, and is a member of the London Organising Committee for the Olympic Games.
Since 1981, she has served as the chancellor of the University of London. She has been patron of the British School of Osteopathy since 1984.
The Princess Royal is also patron of the Scottish Rugby Union and attends most international games at Murrayfield. She is patron of the Wooden Spoon Society, the Charity of British and Irish rugby.
Civil Court convictions
In 2001, the Princess Royal became the first member of the royal family to face civil court charges. She pleaded guilty to driving at 93 mph on a dual carriageway on her way to Hartpury College in Gloucestershire. She was fined £400 by Cheltenham Magistrates' Court and had five points added to her driving licence.
In 2002, the Princess Royal was convicted of a second civil offence under the Dangerous Dogs Act 1991. She pleaded guilty to the charge that her dog, Dotty, attacked two boys while she and her husband were taking her for a walk in Windsor Great Park. The Princess Royal was fined £500 by Berkshire Magistrates' Court and ordered to give Dotty more training. This was the first case in which a senior member of the royal family has been convicted of a crime. In December 2003, one of the Queen's Corgis had to be put down, after being savaged by another of the Princess Royal's dogs, Florence.
Titles, styles, honours and arms
15 August 1950-6 February 1952: Her Royal Highness Princess Anne of Edinburgh
6 February 1952-14 November 1973: Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne
14 November 1973-13 June 1987: Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne, Mrs Mark Phillips
13 June 1987-: Her Royal Highness The Princess Royal
in Scotland: May 1996: Her Grace Her Majesty's High Commissioner
The Princess Royal's current full style is Her Royal Highness The Princess Anne Elizabeth Alice Louise, Princess Royal, Mrs Timothy Laurence, Lady of the Most Noble Order of the Garter, Lady of the Most Ancient and Most Noble Order of the Thistle, Grand Master of the Royal Victorian Order, Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II, Dame Grand Cross of the Most Venerable Order of the Hospital of Saint John of Jerusalem, Royal Fellow of the Royal Society of London for the Improvement of Natural Knowledge, Canadian Forces Decoration, Extra Companion of the Queen's Service Order, Grand Companion of the Order of Logohu, Trinity Cross, Decoration for Honour of Merit, Commander Grand Cross of the Order of the White Rose of Finland, Grand Cordon of the Order of the Precious Crown, Grand Cross of the Order of the House of Orange, Order of the Yugoslav Flag, 1st Class
The first date listed indicates the date of appointment, and the second, when the appointment became void (usually because of appointment to a higher grade).
KG: Lady of the Garter, 1994
LT: Lady of the Thistle, 2000
GCVO: Dame Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order, 1974
Grand Master, 2007
Royal Family Order of Queen Elizabeth II, 1969
DStJ: Dame of Justice of St John, 1971
GCStJ: Dame Grand Cross of St John, 1998
FRS: Royal Fellow, Royal Society, 1987
CD: Canadian Forces Decoration, 1982
QSO: Extra Companion, Queen's Service Order, 1990
GCL: Chief Grand Companion, Order of Logohu, 29 September 2005
Decoration for Honour of Merit, in Gold with Sash, 1969
Commander Grand Cross, Order of the White Rose of Finland, 1969
Grand Cordon, The Order of the Precious Crown, 1971
Grand Cross, Order of the House of Orange, 1972
Order of the Yugoslav Flag, 1st Class, 1972
Honorary military appointments
Like other senior royals, The Princess Royal holds a number of honorary appointments in the British Armed Forces and those of several Commonwealth Realms. In 2002 , she made history by being the first non-reigning woman to wear military uniform at a funeral, when she wore a Royal Navy uniform at the funeral of her grandmother, Queen Elizabeth, the Queen Mother.
She is of the following regiments, corps, and branches:
Colonel-in-Chief, The King's Royal Hussars
Colonel-in-Chief, The Worcestershire and Sherwood Foresters Regiment (29/45 Foot)
Colonel-in-Chief, The Royal Corps of Signals
Colonel-in-Chief, The Royal Logistic Corps
Colonel-in-Chief, The Royal Army Veterinary Corps
Commandant-in-Chief, The First Aid Nursing Yeomanry (Princess Royal's Volunteer Corps)
Colonel, The Blues and Royals
Royal Colonel, The Royal Scots Borderers, 1st Battalion Royal Regiment of Scotland
Royal Colonel, The 52nd Lowland Regiment, 6th Battalion Royal Regiment of Scotland
Rear Admiral and Chief Commandant for women, Royal Navy
Honorary Air Commodore, RAF Lyneham
Honorary Air Commodore, University of London Air Squadron
Royal Honorary Colonel, University of London OTC
Colonel-in-Chief, of The Grey and Simcoe Foresters
Colonel-in-Chief, of the 8th Canadian Hussars (Princess Louise's)
Colonel-in-Chief, of the Communications and Electronics Branch
Colonel-in-Chief, of the Canadian Forces Medical Service
Colonel-in-Chief, of The Royal Regina Rifles
Colonel-in-Chief, of The Royal Newfoundland Regiment
Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal Australian Corps of Signals
Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal New Zealand Corps of Signals
Colonel-in-Chief, of the Royal New Zealand Army Nursing Corps
The Princess' personalized coat of arms are those of the Royal coat of arms of the United Kingdom with a label for difference: Quarterly (by quarters):
1st and 4th, Gules three Lions passant guardant in pale Or (England). (The first and fourth quarters display the three lions, representing England).
2nd quarter is of a lion rampant within a Double Tressure floury counterflory Gules (Scotland). (The second quarter, displays a red lion in a yellow field with a double border coloured red, this represents Scotland).
3rd, Azure a Harp Or stringed Argent (Ireland). (The third quarter shows a harp against a blue background, this represents Ireland).
The whole differenced by a Label of three points Argent, first and third with a cross gules, the second with a heart gules.
Princess Anne's ancestors in three generations Anne, Princess Royal Father:
Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh Paternal Grandfather:
Prince Andrew of Greece and Denmark Paternal Great-grandfather:
George I of Greece
Olga Konstantinovna of Russia
Princess Alice of Battenberg Paternal Great-grandfather:
Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven
Princess Victoria of Hesse and by Rhine
Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom Maternal Grandfather:
George VI of the United Kingdom Maternal Great-grandfather:
George V of the United Kingdom
Mary of Teck
Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon Maternal Great-grandfather:
Claude Bowes-Lyon, 14th Earl of Strathmore and Kinghorne
Cecilia Bowes-Lyon, Countess of Strathmore and Kinghorne
On Saturday, June 2, 2007, Princess Anne traveled to Saskatchewan, Canada to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the Royal Regina Rifles regiment, of which she is colonel in chief. She also participated in a number of events around Regina, Yorkton and Saltcoats. Princess Anne attended a demonstration by the Parkland Therapeutic Riding Association in Yorkton, and took in a celebration of the 125th anniversary of the settlement of the city. At her next stop in Saltcoats, she visited a care home and the cenotaph, and made an appearance at the town's community hall. Princess Anne then later returned to Regina for the Freedom of the City Parade, the only event where she spoke publicly. On Sunday, there was a ceremony at the Saskatchewan War Memorial on the legislative building grounds. She also met privately with family members of Saskatchewan soldiers killed in Afghanistan. Later on in the evening, she met with First Nations elders at the Government House, toured the new RCMP Heritage Centre and attended the Saskatchewan Youth Awards presentation and dinner.