- Category : 1911-births
- Type : GP
- Profile : 3/6 - Martyr / Role Model
- Definition : Split - Small (8)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Explanation 2
French socialist and pacifist politician before the Second World War, who joined the extreme right during the war. In 1944, he was tried and sentenced for collaboration with the German occupation. From 1945 to 1948 he was imprisoned.
In 1949, he met Boris Souvarine, who becomes his associate. From 1949 to 1983 he edited and published the "Bulletin d'études et d'informations politiques internationales," which in 1956 becomes "Est-Ouest."
He was amnestied by the French government in 1951, and from 1969 to 1974 served as Advisor to French president Georges Pompidou.
He died on 30 March 1983.