- Category : Business-Entrepreneur
- Type : ME
- Profile : 2/4 - Hermit / Opportunist
- Definition : Single
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Rulership 2
Gretel Adorno (* 1902 as Margarete Karplus in Berlin; † July 16, 1993 in Frankfurt am Main) was a German chemist and entrepreneur of Austrian origin.
She was born the daughter of the joint proprietor of the leather factory Karplus & Herzberger, Joseph Albert Karplus. Margaret was a cousin of Hans Karplus, which since 1938 living in the United States, son of Martin Karplus was awarded the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry.
From 1933 to 1937 Gretel Karplus led a company for leather gloves in Berlin. Already in the 1920s, she stood with numerous sizes of the Berlin intellectual scene in contact, including Walter Benjamin, Ernst Bloch and Herbert Marcuse. In 1923 she met Theodor W. Adorno, whom she married in 1937 in exile in London. 1938 the couple moved to the United States, from where it returned in 1949 after Germany. Gretel Adorno became an assistant at the Institute for Social Research in Frankfurt am Main.
Soon after the sudden death of her husband (1969), she took a suicide attempt, through its impact was significantly impaired for the rest of their lives and care. The last few years it has been financially supported by the Hermann Reemtsma Foundation.
The Dialectic of Enlightenment was recorded by her as a summary of conversations between her husband Theodor W. Adorno and Max Horkheimer. The book was published in 1947 Querido Verlag in Amsterdam.
Gretel Adorno was co-editor of Theodor W. Adorno's estate as well as parts of the estate of Walter Benjamin.