1st Marquess of Cambridge Adolphus Cambridge
- Category : 1868-births
- Type : GE
- Profile : 2/5 - Hermit / Heretic
- Definition : Split - Small (7,20,36)
- Incarnation Cross : RAX Explanation 3
British Royal, born Prince Adolphus of Teck and later styled The Duke of Teck, who was a great-grandson of King George III and younger brother of Queen Mary, the consort of King George V. In 1900, he succeeded his father as Duke of Teck in the Kingdom of Württemberg. He relinquished his German titles in 1917 to become Marquess of Cambridge.
With a string of nine Christian names, among his immediate family he was always known as "Dolly", a pet form of 'Adolphus'. His full name was Adolphus Charles Alexander Albert Edward George Philip Louis Ladislaus.
Prince Adolphus was a cavalry officer, following in the footsteps of his father, both of his grandfathers, and his maternal uncle. He received his education at Wellington College, before entering the Royal Military College, Sandhurst. At the age of 19, he joined the 17th Lancers, the regiment of his maternal uncle, HRH The Duke of Cambridge, who was the commander-in-chief of the British Army from 1856–1895. He was promoted lieutenant in 1893 and transferred to the 1st Life Guards as a captain in 1895.
He was created a Knight Commander of the Royal Victorian Order (KCVO) in 1897, and promoted to Knight Grand Cross of the Royal Victorian Order (GCVO) in 1901.
n January 1900, Adolphus succeeded his father as Duke of Teck. The new Duke served with his regiment during the Boer War 1899–1900, for which he was promoted Brevet major in November 1900. He was later a transport officer in the Household Cavalry, and then served as the British military attaché in Vienna from 1904 to 1910, retiring at the rank of lieutenant colonel.
With the outbreak of the First World War, he returned to active duty, serving first as assistant military secretary at the War Office, and later as military secretary to the commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Forces (BEF) in France.
On 12 December 1894, at Eaton Hall, he married Lady Margaret Evelyn Grosvenor (9 April 1873 – 27 March 1929), the daughter of the 1st Duke of Westminster. The couple had 4 children.
Lord Cambridge died, aged fifty-nine, after an intestinal operation, on 23 October 1927 at a Shrewsbury nursing home.